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Sperm Donation

Discover the path to parenthood through sperm donation

Understanding Sperm Donation

For individuals and couples seeking to build a family through IVF, sperm donation presents a valuable option when achieving pregnancy with their own genetic material proves challenging. Whether due to male factor infertility, genetic concerns, same-sex, IVF using donor sperm is a viable option.

What Is Sperm Donation?

Sperm donation is a reproductive technique that involves using sperm from a healthy sperm donor to fertilise an egg in the uterus.

Treatment with donor sperm involves either donor sperm insemination – also known as IUI with donor sperm – or IVF with donor sperm.

What Is The Sperm Donation Process?

The sperm donation process typically involves the following steps:

  1. Screening and Assessment: The potential donor undergoes a thorough medical and psychological evaluation to ensure they are physically and mentally healthy and meet the eligibility criteria for sperm donation.

  2. Donor Sperm Preparation: If the donor is deemed eligible, they will be asked to provide a semen sample. The sample is then carefully screened for quality, quantity, and genetic abnormalities.

  3. Cryopreservation: The donor sperm is frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen at extremely low temperatures to ensure its long-term viability.

  4. Matching and Selection: The frozen sperm is then matched with a recipient based on their preferences and compatibility.

  5. IUI or IVF: The frozen sperm is thawed and prepared for fertilisation through either IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) or IVF (In Vitro Fertilization).

  6. Pregnancy Test: A pregnancy test is taken to determine if the procedure was successful.

Choosing A Sperm Donor

Dream IVF Cyprus partner clinics collaborate with CYROS International, a renowned Danish company recognised as the world’s largest sperm and egg bank. Through this partnership, patients seeking sperm donation gain access to a vast pool of carefully screened donors with diverse characteristics, ensuring they can find a match that aligns with their preferences.

CYROS meticulously screens potential sperm donors, adhering to stringent medical, genetic, and lifestyle criteria. This comprehensive evaluation process ensures that only the healthiest and most compatible individuals are selected to provide sperm for assisted reproductive technologies (ART).

Patients at Dream IVF Cyprus partner clinics can tailor their sperm donor search based on specific preferences, including:

By partnering with CYROS and providing extensive donor selection options, Dream IVF Cyprus empowers patients to make informed decisions about the sperm donor who best complements their unique aspirations for parenthood.

When is A sperm Donor recommended?

Using a sperm donor to conceive may be an ideal option if:

  • You are a same-sex female couple 
  • You are a single woman 
  • You cannot conceive because of male infertility due to reasons such as:
    • Azoospermia (complete absence of sperm in the ejaculate or in processed testicular biopsies)
    • Congenital or medical problems preventing sperm production
    • Sperm damage following surgery, chemotherapy or radiation
  • There is a high risk of passing on a genetic abnormality or condition on the male side
  • You are engaged in a consanguineous marriage (descended from the same family tree-ancestor) which heightens the risk of genetic diseases


If you are male and unsure about whether you need a sperm donor, the first step would be to undergo a semen analysis using the Kruger method to evaluate sperm count, concentration, motility, and morphology.

Based on these results, the sperm sample is categorised. If the analysis indicates “azoospermia,” further investigation is needed to determine whether it is Obstructive or Non-obstructive azoospermia. Your doctor will evaluate your results and discuss possible treatment options with you.

Sperm donation offers several benefits to couples and individuals who are struggling with infertility:

  • Increased Chance of Pregnancy: Sperm donation can significantly improve the chances of achieving a successful pregnancy for couples facing male factor infertility.

  • Maintaining Genetic Diversity: Sperm donation allows couples to have children who share their partner’s genetic makeup, while still contributing to the genetic diversity of the population.

  • Achieving Parenthood: Sperm donation provides a pathway to parenthood for individuals and couples who are unable to conceive on their own.

  • Empowering Women and Single Mothers: Sperm donation empowers women and single mothers to have children without the involvement of a partner.

When it comes to selecting a sperm donor, it’s important to consider the diversity of options available. Through Cryos International, our partner clinics offer a wide range of sperm donors from various ethnic backgrounds, ensuring that you can find a match that aligns with your preferences.

The sperm donors undergo a comprehensive screening process to ensure they meet the highest standards of quality and health.

Cryos is the world’s largest and most reputable sperm bank, with over 80,000 sperm donors from over 100 countries. We adhere to strict donor screening guidelines, including medical history assessments, genetic testing, and psychological evaluations. This rigorous process ensures that only the most qualified and healthy donors are selected to provide sperm for assisted reproductive technologies (ART).

Our partner IVF clinics’ sperm donors represent a diverse range of physical characteristics, including height, weight, hair color, eye color, and ethnic background. We also provide detailed donor profiles that include educational background, career aspirations, personality traits, and recreational interests. This allows you to make an informed decision about the donor who best suits your preferences and values.

It is a requirement for the sperm donors to be between 18 and 40 years old, have a normal weight (BMI between 18.5 and 24.9), undergo screening for medical conditions, be free of serious medical and genetic conditions, maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle, and commit to the sperm donation process. Before being accepted into our donation program, potential donors undergo an extensive and lengthy screening process — with 99% of all applicants being unqualified and rejected. 

Donor sperm is cryopreserved (frozen) to maintain its integrity and safety. It undergoes rigorous testing for infectious diseases after a mandatory six-month quarantine period before being used in reproductive procedures.

Our partner IVF clinics offer specimens from donors of diverse ethnicities. Please contact Dream IVF Cyprus for more information.

The ability to choose your own sperm donor for IVF treatment is referred to as ‘directed donation‘.

Directed sperm donation is a type of sperm donation in which the donor is someone you know, such as a friend, family member, or acquaintance. This option can offer similar benefits of increased control, familiarity, and potentially reduced costs. However, it is important to note that directed sperm donation is also subject to stricter screening and regulations.

Our partner IVF clinics typically offer a list of approved sperm donors who have been carefully screened and selected based on their physical and genetic health, as well as their personal characteristics. Alternatively, you may opt for using directed sperm donation and choose a sperm donor who is personally known to you.

Sperm donors typically do not need to travel to Cyprus for the sperm donation procedure. Sperm can be collected and frozen in the sperm donor’s country of residence (if the local laws permit) and then shipped to the clinic in Cyprus (subject to strict rules and requirements). Please contact Dream IVF Cyprus for more information.

Generally, IVF with sperm donation is more successful because:

  1. It eliminates the male factor as a cause of infertility.

  2. Donor sperm is carefully screened for genetic and infectious diseases, reducing the risk of passing on genetic conditions or infections to the offspring.

  3. Advanced IVF techniques, such as ICSI and PGT, can further improve the chances of success in cases where traditional IVF methods may be less effective.

There are some potential health risks associated with using a sperm, however these can be mitigated by choosing a reputable sperm bank that follows strict screening and testing procedures.

Sperm donors do not require specific medications. However, they are advised to maintain healthy lifestyle habits, such as avoiding smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and recreational drugs. These lifestyle choices can help preserve sperm quality and enhance fertilisation success.

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